14 Foods Containing High Purine Substances You Might Need to Avoid

Foods that contain high purine substances are very dangerous for gout sufferers. Purine is one form of natural compounds that can be found in various types of food. Purines can be formed from animal and vegetable foods. Each food contains different levels of purine according to the level.

One of the most feared purine dangers is gout disease. When the purine that enters the body is damaged then it can cause the formation of uric acid. Uric acid actually has several functions such as preventing damage to blood vessel walls and protect blood vessels.

However, if found in excessive amounts it can cause high uric acid that makes the pain in the joints. Therefore for people with uric acid should avoid all types of foods that contain high levels of purine. What are the foods. Here are some foods that are classified as purines.

1. Anchovy (239 mg / 100 gram)

Anchovy contains several types of nutrients such as vitamin C folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin, vitamin B12, vitamin E and also vitamin K. The bad value of anchovies is high levels of purine, fat and cholesterol. For people with uric acid, anchovies can cause worse uric acid conditions. Besides, anchovies also contain parasites that usually grow during processing.

2. Liver Cow (530 mg / 100 gram)

Many children who are malnourished can recover diligently by eating beef liver. But cow liver also causes some risks such as uric acid disease, high cholesterol, the risk of type 2 diabetes, and colon cancer. In addition, processing of cow liver is not clean also trigger the risk of infection from bacteria such as E. coli. So you can still eat beef liver but in smaller quantities.

3. Sardines (480 mg / 100 gram).

Sardines contain several types of nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, zinc, calcium, sodium. It also contains protein, vitamin B complex, vitamin A, vitamin E, and also vitamin K. Therefore sardines provide health benefits very much like to maintain the heart, protect memory and boost the immune system. Radsen fish, however, contain very high levels of purine. When consumed in excess it can cause a buildup of purine in the kidney that triggers kidney stones. In addition, sometimes sardines can also cause allergic reactions.

4. Chicken (175 mg / 100 gram)

Chicken contains nutrients that are very important for your body. Chicken is filled with high protein that can support the body’s growth and development system. In addition if you eat chicken without skin then it can help lower cholesterol. Chicken skin contain very high cholesterol and purine.

5. Meat Duck (138 mg / 100 gram)

Duck meat has a very high protein content. Duck meat will help your body get a very complete protein level. The content of amino acid compounds helps your body get better growth. In addition, protein helps improve body health. Even ducks also contain excellent selenium and zinc material to keep your metabolism. But the duck meat contains purines, in a not-so-high amount. For people with uric acid and kidney disorders can still eat ducks but should be in smaller quantities.

6. Beef (120 mg / 100 gram)

Beef is very much consumed after being cooked into various types of dish. Beef contains all types of nutrients in the form of vitamins and minerals are very complete. Eating beef can also help increase energy levels so that your body becomes not weak. But beef also contains purine substances that can cause excessive purine buildup in the kidneys. Therefore the consumption of beef should be limited in a certain amount. 

7. Crab

Do you like to eat crabs? Yes, the crabs are very tasty indeed. In addition, crab meat also contains several types of super nutrients including minerals that are very complete. Minerals in crab meat are like copper, calcium, selenium, iron, zinc, manganese and potassium. Besides crab meat also contains vitamin materials such as vitamin K, vitamim B12, folic acid, niacin, thiamin and pantothenic acid.

Crabs also contain high calorie ingredients and omega 3 fatty acids are very good for maintaining heart health. But the crab has a fairly high purine content. Poorly damaged purines can cause a buildup of minerals in the kidneys. If it happens continuously it can cause kidney stones and gout disease.

8. Tuna (257 mg / 100 gram)

What’s more foods containing high purine substances? Tuna is famous for several types of very complete nutrition. Tuna provides benefits such as helping control blood pressure, reducing pressure on the heart, nourish the heartbeat, help memory, maintain body growth and provide a very complex nutrients.

Tuna contains several nutrients such as iron, manganese, copper, selenium, magnesium, vitamin B12, thiamin, niacin, and pantothenic acid. But tuna also contains histamine that can cause poisoning and allergic reactions. Even high purine content in tuna can make people with uric acid feel the effect directly. 

9. Salmon Fish (170 mg / 100 gram)

Salmon is very famous for its huge benefits and benefits. Salmon contains omega 3 fatty acids that can help lower cholesterol levels in the blood. In addition, these fish contain complete minerals such as iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc, copper, selesium and magnesium.

Protein content in salmon is believed to help body growth. But salmon can also provide some adverse effects such as increasing bleeding in the body, making blood sugar levels rise, and causing excessive allergic reactions. Purine content in salmon can also cause health risks to the kidneys.

10. Lobster (118 mg / 100 gram)

Just like crabs, lobster or sea shrimp also has a very complete mineral content. Lobster is full of very high protein, fat and copper values. These nutrients very good to help maintain heart and body health as a whole. But lobsters also have some side effects such as: allergies, infections of the fungus, heat in the stomach, elevated cholesterol levels, and headaches.

Even for people with kidney disease and uric acid, the purine content in the lobster can make the body condition will worsen. Calcium and purine content in lobster is very bad for kidney and blood circulation.

11. Cauliflower (51 mg / 100 gram)

There are some foods containing high purine substances. Cauliflower is a type of vegetable that is included in the cabbage family. These vegetables contain various types of vitamins and minerals are very complete. Cauliflower also contains sulforaphane that can prevent the development of cancer cells in the body.

But actually cauliflower can only be eaten in limited quantities. Excess cauliflower can cause side effects such as excessive iodine absorption that can damage the kidney work. In addition, excess cauliflower can also cause excessive increases in stomach acid. Even purine content in cauliflower can cause a buildup of minerals in the kidneys that can damage the kidneys.

12. Long Beans (80 mg / 100 gram)

Long beans contribute to the value of very high natural protein. It also contains several mineral elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and manganese. Vitamins are found in long beans such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin E and vitamin B complex.

This vegetable is also rich in fiber that can support the digestive system. However, if consumed in excess it can cause excessive purine buildup. Usually a long bean will give a direct effect if consumed by people with uric acid.

13. Beans (78 mg / 100 gram)

Beans are very healthy vegetables. Beans contain high levels of fiber that can help lower cholesterol levels. Very low glycemic index values ​​in beans can help lower blood sugar levels for diabetics. Beans are also supplied with several types of minerals such as magnesium, iron, phosphorus and copper. But beans should be consumed in small quantities only, because if consumed excessively it can cause increased levels of uric acid in the body.

14. Spinach

Spinach also includes a type of vegetable that contains levels of purine. Spinach is a mild vegetable that gives some health effects. Spinach contains iron that can support the production of red blood cells. In addition spinach also contains some minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, selenium and copper.

In fact, spinach contains a very complete vitamin such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Spinach can help the body grow because it contains iron and fiber. To avoid the side effects of high purine levels, it is advisable to cook spinach in a relatively short time.

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How Does Purine Affect Health Conditions?

Our body has the ability to break the purine into a form of uric acid. Uric acid is to provide protection against blood vessels. This work will also provide protection for blood cells. However, when the metabolism in the body is disturbed it can make purine a very serious problem. Purines that are too high in the body not only cause problems of uric acid and kidney abnormalities, but also other problems such as low blood pressure, anemia, and the body is more susceptible to infection.

The Effect of Cooking Process for Purin Levels?

Cooking different types of foods that contain high levels of purine can cause an increase in purine levels. This condition occurs when the purine is cooked in a high temperature that causes the purine substance out. Meat, fish and other animal preparations can have a higher purine value when cooked by frying or burning. While vegetables are better to steam than to boil.

Tips on Managing Purines in Food

  • If you cook some high amount of purine food, don’t cook it too long.
  • Consumption of purine in limited quantities if you are already suffering from gout and kidney disorders.
  • Avoid storing purine-containing food for too long.
  • Avoid frying foods that contain high purines. (read: The danger of consuming fried foods)

Thus, that’s all the list of foods containing high purine substances you need to avoid or eat them in moderation to keep healthy!

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