11 Causes of Nasal Polyps You Must Know
Do you know about polyps? Polyps are a type of abnormality in certain organs, such as in the eyes, nose, uterus, teeth, and cheekbones. This disease is usually characterized by the growth of soft tissue in the surface membrane of certain organs, has a white or gray color, and appears clear because it contains liquid. In Indonesia, polyps are more common in the respiratory tract or nasal cavity. This disease is also more often experienced by men than women, besides it usually attacks in middle age to adults, even the elderly.
Causes of Polyps
There are many things that cause polyp disease. Make sure you listen carefully to this article to avoid polyps. The causes of polyps are as follows:
- Genetic Factors
You should be careful if you have a history of descendants who had polyps. Because according to the results of the study, it turns out that polyps can also be suffered due to a history of hereditary diseases.
- Nerve Abnormalities
There are many types of neurological disorders that can attack you at any time. In particular, it has not been found with certainty the most important cause in neurological disorders. Every nerve in the body has a different task but has strong connections and bonds.
If there is damage to one of the nerves, then there is yellowing or trigger to damage another part of the nerve. Nerve damage also affects the unstable metabolic system which can cause various diseases due to a decreased immune system. The place where you have a neurological disorder is a place that has the potential to experience polyps, for example, in the nasal cavity.
- Aspirin Intolerance
Surely, aspirin substances or compounds are very familiar to many people. Aspirin is the most commonly found ingredient in medicines and commonly consumed when sick. Aspirin is used as one of the solutions to pain, inflammation, and even to prevent a heart attack. But for those of you who have aspirin intolerance, then you should really avoid drugs that contain these compounds because your body will provide an unexpected response as a sign of rejection of the entry of the compound into the body. Consult this matter every time you visit or ask for a prescription from a doctor so that the medication given is not wrong.
Asthma is a disease that attacks your respiratory tract. Asthma can generally occur by many factors, such as not being resistant to pollution and dust, heredity, drastic weather changes, stress, and can even be caused by allergies to something.
When you suffer from asthma, there will be a narrowing of the respiratory cells thereby reducing the capacity of space in the nasal cavity and lungs. The critical moment like this is also what you should be aware of because it is possible at that moment to develop polyps.
Infection is the process by which the body responds to the presence of various harmful microorganisms into the body. These microorganisms can be in the form of bacteria, virus, parasites, fungi, etc. In general, these bad microorganisms infect or carry diseases that make the immune system disrupted.The method of transmission can also occur either from direct or indirect contact. Evil microorganisms will move much faster to attack you if at some point your body is not fit. This is also the cause of polyps.
Therefore, make sure that you always keep your body fit by ensuring adequate rest, eating healthy and nutritious foods, and exercising.
Thankfully, polyps are quite rare in the age of children. This disease is often felt by people aged adults to the elderly. There is no particular reason why this age is the dominant reason for this disease. To prevent the disease, get accustomed to a healthy and sensitive lifestyle and maintaining personal hygiene and the surrounding environment while you are at a young age.
There are many types of allergies that have the possibility of attacking you, starting from allergies to food, animals, dust, etc. The immune system sometimes has certain things that determine how far you can tolerate a number of things. We recommend that you know clearly what allergies you have. So, it will be easier to avoid the main causes of your allergies. Allergies can be characterized by symptoms of reddish spots on the skin, swelling of certain organs, difficulty breathing (asthma), and others.
Allergies can also be the entrance to other diseases to attack you. Because at the time of allergies, your body’s immune system is in a state of chaos and is not able to filter out bad microorganisms. The type of allergy that has the most potential to trigger the growth of polyps is allergic rhinitis or allergies that occur due to contact with dust or with the fur of certain animals.
- Disruption of Immune System Functions
Did you know if the immune system is disrupted, the immune system that should protect you will actually attack your body’s tissue cells? This can be caused by some kind of bacteria, virus, or even a fungus that has infected you first. When the immune system attacks the cells of your body’s tissue cells, the swelling will usually appear easily in the area and trigger the growth of polyps as well. Overcoming this, make sure cleanliness is always maintained to close the entrance of bad bacteria and viruses.
- Fungi Sinusitis
Fungi Sinusitis is a form of rejection of fungi or bacteria that are spread in the air so that the spread is done through the respiratory tract, one of the nasal cavities. When air containing lots of bacteria and fungi enters through the nasal cavity, it is possible to have remnants of bacteria and fungi left on the side of the roof or the wall of the nasal cavity. If not cleaned immediately, this can trigger the growth of polyps in the form of fluid-filled cells in the nasal cavity. Of course, this will greatly disrupt breathing, because the polyps can grow bigger if there is no proper treatment.
- Chrug Strauss Syndrome
It is a syndrome where inflammation of blood vessels occurs. When a blood vessel experiences interference, the blood flow throughout the body becomes disrupted and causes the metabolic system to interfere, too. Inflammation of blood vessels will also be very dangerous if there is a blood vessel that has a high sensitivity, blood vessels in the nasal cavity, for example. Blood vessels in the nasal cavity are one of the blood vessels that are very vulnerable and can be very susceptible to various diseases.
- Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a time when the body produces a thick liquid such as mucus that exceeds its normal limits. This has the potential to trigger polyps disease because the capacity of fluid or mucus that is too excessive can close the space capacity in certain organs, thus inhibiting blood circulation.
Symptoms of Polyps
There are enough causes of polyps right? If you feel you have or are experiencing the causes above, check some of the symptoms of polyps below to make sure you are fine. The symptoms include the following:
- Difficulty to Hear
If suddenly you feel difficult to hear or feel like your ears feel numb due to some clogging, you should immediately consult a doctor because the seeds of polyps have begun to grow in your ears.
- Tooth Ache
Do not underestimate dental disease; even the presence of food that is stuck too long between teeth can trigger the growth of fungi and bad bacteria in the teeth. Begin to be vigilant if you feel toothache such as extreme pain, especially in the upper jaw, because it is one of the symptoms often experienced by people with polyps.
- Experiencing Olfactory Disorders
When you feel your nasal cavity feels full and begin to not be sensitive to smell, then make sure immediately if there is a clear gray membrane attached to your nasal cavity. If there is, it means you have had polyps. Polyps cannot be left alone and hope the membrane will automatically shrink and then disappear. The polyps can get bigger if not handled quickly and precisely.
- Nasal Congestion
The Polyps membrane will reduce the space in the nasal cavity, making the nose blocked and difficulty to breathe.
- The Nose Looks Asymmetrical
Generally, the nose looks asymmetrical when the polyps in the nasal cavity have begun to enlarge. Do not once try to solve your polyps themselves, because if they break, the bacteria inside will spread easily and can infect other parts. To reduce the pain, you can compress it with a towel soaked with warm water. Gently wipe from the outside of the nose and do not place too much pressure.
- Pain in the Face
When you suffer from polyps, generally you will feel quite painful in the face. This is due to the pressure and coercion of your muscles to provide even more space. Pain is usually felt in the cheekbone area or it can also be in the chin area close to the neck.
Why is headache one of the symptoms of polyps? Because when there are polyps in your body’s organs, it means there is a buildup of fluid that causes respiratory problems and reduces oxygen supply to the body. When oxygen in the body is insufficient, the blood flow to the brain will also be disrupted. The result is that you often experience prolonged headaches.
- Mucus From the Nose to the Throat
Polyps in the nose contain thick liquids such as mucus. Generally, when you lie down, you will feel mucus dripping into your throat. It is best when laying a position, your head slightly higher, so the possibility of falling mucus does not occur.
(Also read: 18 Most Effective Ways to Get Rid of Hoarse Throat)