11 Effects of Blood Transfusion on the Human Body
Blood transfusion is the most common thing to do when a person loses blood in large amounts and in a fast time. This needs to be done because of the importance of blood for the process of organ and tissue systems in the body.
Blood has many tasks that are useful for the survival of a person, from introducing oxygen and nutrients to all organs in humans, helping to prevent and destroy germs, viruses, and invading bacteria, to help heal wounds or inflammation in organs and tissues.
Blood cells themselves consist of various types, ranging from red blood cells, white blood cells, and also what is called platelets or blood chips. Each cell has a general and specific task and all of them are produced in the bone marrow.
When someone loses blood, either because of injury, or a certain disease, the body will lose the supply of oxygen, nutrients, and also guards from viruses and bacteria so that the body’s defense will be greatly reduced.
For this reason, blood transfusions are needed to restore the body’s defense system and also supply nutrients to return to normal which will certainly guarantee that the person will gradually be in a normal condition.
However, in addition to the benefits of blood transfusion, the procedure for conducting a blood transfusion is not without risk and will even be very dangerous if not done carefully.
The effects of inappropriate blood transfusions and the effects of different types of blood transfusions are varied, ranging from mild symptoms such as itching all over the body, to fatal symptoms such as difficulty breathing and kidney failure.
Therefore, procedures or methods of blood transfusion in humans require thorough accuracy and analysis first, especially if you want to do blood transfusions in children and also need to pay attention to the effects of blood transfusion in pregnant women. Also, read Is It Safe To Dye Your Hair In Early Pregnancy?
For more, we will provide the following effects on blood transfusions, both benefits, and risks as a whole.
- Replace Lost Blood Cells
The main benefit of blood transfusion is, of course, replacing lost blood cells in the patient so that it is expected that the body’s functions and also the body’s defense system will return to normal and the patient’s health will gradually improve.
- Help Supply Oxygen
By returning to the normal number of blood cells in the body, of course, the distribution of oxygen which is one of the main functions of red blood cells will return to normal so that the body will return to fit.
- Prevent Anemia
Anemia or lack of blood will certainly be easily suffered by those who lack blood cells in the body which of course will be greatly helped by the intake of blood cells from transfusions which will mainly normalize blood levels.
- Increase Endurance
The loss of blood cells in a large amount will be able to reduce the body’s immunity against disease due to a decrease in the number of white blood cells and also thrombocytes/platelets which all will return to normal after a blood transfusion.
Of course, besides providing benefits, blood transfusions carried out without good preparation will be able to have a negative effect on the recipient of blood, which at an extreme level can endanger the safety of the soul. The following are some of the negative effects of blood transfusion that can occur in those who receive transfusions.
- High Fever and Chills
The incompatibility between the transfused blood and the blood from the recipient of the transfusion will cause high fever and a shivering body.
- Itching All Over the Body
Another side effect of inappropriate blood transfusion is the onset of itching all over the body and will last for a long time. Although this is a mild symptom, you should immediately notify the nurse or doctor to avoid more dangerous complications.
- Pain in the Chest, Abdomen, and Waist
Unsuccessful blood transfusions can also be characterized by the appearance of pain in the chest, waist, and abdomen which can be fatal if not immediately treated. Also, read 12 Signs and Symptoms of Swollen Liver in Adult You Have to Consider.
- Blood Out during Urination
Another side effect that is a sign that transfused blood is not suitable is the discharge of blood from the drain when urinating where the body considers the incoming blood cells as substances that are not needed so that they are eventually discarded.
- Increase the Risk of Anemia
Anemia or lack of blood will also occur in patients who receive an inappropriate blood transfusion because the incoming blood cannot be integrated into the body’s system so it is not useful.
- Shortness of Breath
One symptom to watch out for is feeling shortness of breath or difficulty breathing after a blood transfusion where the recipient’s transfusion body rejects blood entering the channel and this can usually be felt during the transfusion.
- Kidney Failure and Wet Lungs
One fatal condition due to incompatibility between blood transfused and the body receiving transfusion is the occurrence of kidney failure and/or wet lung. Also, read 8 Types of Cardiac Arrhythmias That Need to be Watched Out.
Kidney failure will occur if the body rejects the incoming blood and throws it in large quantities into the kidney so that the kidneys cannot process while the wet lungs occur when the body is unable to handle too much blood intake and eventually accumulates in the lungs.