15 Benefits of Platelet Transfusion for Health
Blood is a fluid that is very important for the survival of both humans and most animal species. The red liquid flowed throughout the body through the circulatory system which is divided into arteries and veins.
In this article, we will explain the various benefits of platelet transfusion for patients who need such treatment. The content in the blood contains 92% water which also contains protein, glucose, minerals, hormones, carbon dioxide, and also red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and also platelets.
Red blood cells themselves has a function as oxygen binders which will later be used for tissue oxidation in the body, while white blood cells are useful for fighting diseases such as infections and are generally part of the immune system, and platelets are useful for clogging arteries which are torn by freezing the blood.
The formation of these blood cells, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets, is produced by the bone marrow, in the sternum, ribs, hips, and skull bones.
But there are times when a person will experience a decrease in blood cells in large quantities, for example, at the time of the onset of injury, the scattering of organs by viruses or bacteria, and abnormalities in the body system that cause blood transfusions need to be done.
The blood transfusion process itself requires analysis and laboratory tests first due to differences in blood groups in humans consisting of groups A, B, O, and AB where we have explained the effects of different types of blood transfusions beforehand so that the blood collection process is very important to note.
Especially if those who experience disorders are in Thrombocyte cells which are very helpful in the process of healing wounds or tears in the blood vessels, then when it reaches the acute stage, platelet transfusion becomes very necessary to do.
We provide 15 benefits of platelet transfusion which will be very useful for those who have low platelet levels, and already in the acute stage so that transfusions are very necessary to do.
- Improve the Body’s Immune System
The entry of platelets through transfusion will certainly cause the body’s immune system that was disrupted due to a lack of platelets to become normal again.
- Normalize Blood Clots
With the presence of new platelets, blood clots will run normally again and will help protect the blood vessels.
- Stop Excessive Bleeding
The transfusion platelet will be active immediately when it enters the blood cell and will immediately work to stop the bleeding that is being experienced by the patient. This is also very important for mothers who are giving birth because the possibility of excessive bleeding is very high.
- Protect From Viruses and Bacteria
The entry of new platelets will also help provide resistance to viruses and bacteria that attack and flow in the blood vessels.
- Heal Broken Blood Vessels
The transfusion platelets will move directly to the area of the broken blood vessels and will immediately heal the torn hole.
- Heal the Wound From the Inside
With the closure of the torn blood vessels indirectly platelets will help in closing the wound from the side of the blood vessel and reducing bleeding.
- Prevent Bruising on the Body
Lack of platelets when you get along will cause bruising on the body, and platelet transfusions will help prevent this.
- Prevent the Appearance of a Rash on the Body
Not only bruising, but lack of platelet levels will also lead to rashes and reddish spots on the outer body so that platelet transfusion needs to be done to avoid that.
- Prevent Nose Bleeding
In addition to bruising and rash, low platelet levels can very likely lead to nosebleeds due to non-frozen blood flowing through the nasal passages so platelet transfusion is needed.
- Prevent Bleeding in the Gums
In addition to bleeding from the nose, the lack of platelets will also cause bleeding in the gum area which can be very disturbing so that transfusion is needed to prevent this.
- Improve the Process of Converting Fibrinogen to Fibrin
The way the platelets work is to convert fibrinogen to fibrin which will later form fibrous tissue and then the tissue will confine red, white, and platelet blood cells to prevent blood flow. This process is known as Hemostasis.
- Improve Platelet Production
By performing platelet transfusions, it is hoped that it will be able to improve platelet production that exists or at least temporarily neutralizes platelet levels in the body, but this is only temporary because the maximum platelet age is 10 days.
- Replace Damaged Platelets
The entry of new platelets will also function to replace the damaged platelets or exceed the 10-day deadline.
- Increase Platelet Levels to the Normal Range
With transfusion, platelet levels will return to the normal range which amounts to between 150,000 – 450,000 microliters of blood.
- Circulate New Platelets into the Blood Vessels
Of course, the main benefit of platelet transfusion is to circulate new platelets into the patient’s blood vessels so that the immune system, blood clots, and other platelet functions can run normally.
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